COVID-19 fundamentals

A tiger at a New York zoo has also tested optimistic for the virus that causes COVID-19. The virus probably spreads primarily via respiratory droplets produced when an infected individual coughs or sneezes, similar to how influenza and different respiratory infections unfold. These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are close by or presumably be inhaled into the lungs.

What is the recovery time for the coronavirus disease?

Using available preliminary data, the median time from onset to clinical recovery for mild cases is approximately 2 weeks and is 3-6 weeks for patients with severe or critical disease.

Wearing fabric face coverings is a public well being measure folks ought to take to scale back the spread of COVID-19 along with (not as an alternative of) social distancing, frequent hand cleansing ,and different everyday preventive actions. A fabric face masking just isn’t intended to guard the wearer however might stop the spread of virus from the wearer to others. This can be especially necessary if somebody is infected however does not have symptoms. Medical face masks and N95 respirators are nonetheless reserved for healthcare personnel and other first responders, as recommended by current CDC guidance. CDC is responding to a pandemic of respiratory illness spreading from person to person caused by a novel (new) coronavirus.

CDC is conscious of a small number of pets, together with cats, reported to be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, mostly after shut contact with folks with COVID-19. Most of these animals had contact with a person with COVID-19.

The illness has been named “coronavirus disease 2019” (abbreviated “COVID-19”). The federal government is working closely with state, native, tribal, and territorial partners as well as public health companions, to reply to this situation. COVID-19 can cause mild to extreme sickness; most extreme illness happens in adults 65 years and older and people of any age with critical underlying medical problems. We are still learning about this virus and the way it spreads, but it seems it could possibly unfold from humans to animals in some conditions.

A cloth face overlaying must be worn whenever people must go into public settings (grocery stores, for example). Medical masks and N-95 respirators are reserved for healthcare workers and other first responders, as really helpful by present CDC steering.

Children 2 years and older ought to wear a fabric face masking their nose and mouth when locally setting. This is an extra public well being measure folks ought to take to reduce the spread of COVID-19 in addition to (not as a substitute of) social distancing, frequent hand cleaning and other everyday preventive actions. A fabric face covering is not supposed to protect the wearer, but may stop the spread of virus from the wearer to others. This could be particularly necessary in the occasion that someone is infected however does not have symptoms. Medical masks and N-ninety five respirators are still reserved for healthcare employees and other first responders, as beneficial by present CDC steering.


People with critical underlying medical circumstances — like severe heart conditions, chronic lung illness, and diabetes, for example — additionally appear to be at higher risk of developing extreme COVID-19 illness. Early on, most of the patients on the epicenter of the outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China had some link to a large seafood and reside animal market, suggesting animal-to-individual spread. Later, a growing variety of sufferers reportedly did not have publicity to animal markets, indicating individual-to-person spread.

The full clinical image of COVID-19 just isn’t fully recognized. Reported illnesses have ranged from very delicate (including some people with no reported symptoms) to severe, together with sickness resulting in demise. While information so far suggests that almost all of COVID-19 sicknesses are delicate, an early reportexternal icon out of China discovered serious sickness in 16% of people who have been infected.

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